1. Discectomy – Either a portion or the entire damaged disc is removed. If the whole disc is removed, an artificial disc may be inserted to help keep the spine stable. Often performed due to significant pain or weakness.
2. Foraminotomy – The spinal foramen is the passageway for spinal nerves. If this pathway is reduced due to aging or injury, it can lead to nerve pressure. During a foraminotomy, foramen space is increased so that nerves can pass through freely.
3. Laminectomy – The lamina is the portion of the vertebrae that functions as the roof of the spinal canal. During a laminectomy, the lamina is removed to decompress the area. This procedure may be performed along with a fusion or discectomy to ensure all compressing structures are removed.
4. Spinal Fusion –Refers to fusing together two adjacent vertebrae to limit movement. May be helpful where disc degeneration has contributed to spinal instability & hypermobility. A fusion procedure helps to prevent this excess movement. It may be performed as a standalone procedure or as a compliment to other decompression operations, such as discectomy or laminectomy.
Alternatively, skip surgery altogether! Spinal Decompression Therapy provides safe, effective & affordable treatment for back pain or sciatica without the risks & recovery of back surgery. 919-469-8897